Generating Upper-Body Motion for Real-Time Characters Making their Way through Dynamic Environments

ACM SIGGRAPH/Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation (SCA), 2022

🏆 Best Paper Honorable Mention Award

Eduardo Alvarado¹, Damien Rohmer¹, Marie-Paule Cani¹
¹LIX, Ecole Polytechnique/CNRS, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, Palaiseau, France


Real-time character animation in dynamic environments requires the generation of plausible upper-body movements regardless of the nature of the environment, including non-rigid obstacles such as vegetation.

We propose a flexible model for upper-body interactions, based on the anticipation of the character’s surroundings, and on antagonistic controllers to adapt the amount of muscular stiffness and response time to better deal with obstacles. Our solution relies on a hybrid method for character animation that couples a keyframe sequence with kinematic constraints and lightweight physics. The dynamic response of the character’s upper-limbs leverages antagonistic controllers, allowing us to tune tension/relaxation in the upper-body without diverging from the reference keyframe motion. A new sight model, controlled by procedural rules, enables high-level authoring of the way the character generates interactions by adapting its stiffness and reaction time. As results show, our real-time method offers precise and explicit control over the character’s behavior and style, while seamlessly adapting to new situations. Our model is therefore well suited for gaming applications.



        journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},
        title = {Generating Upper-Body Motion for Real-Time Characters Making their Way through Dynamic Environments},
        author = {Alvarado, Eduardo and Rohmer, Damien and Cani, Marie-Paule},
        year = {2022},
        publisher = {The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.},
        ISSN = {1467-8659},
        DOI = {10.1111/cgf.14633}